One of the key things to teach students when approaching a new subject area is meta language. Without it they find their learning more difficult to explain. This post from the wonderful Pedagogy Postcard series explains how it can look in various subject areas.
This post is about the need to give students the basic vocabulary and linguistic tools to communicate about the concepts and skills they are dealing with in each subject. I’ve seen excellent practice in my school where teachers take time to teach the language of learning in the subject, in parallel with teaching the subject itself. Very often students appear to be struggling with a concept when, actually, they are just struggling to find the right language to express their understanding. Here are a few examples.
In science, a recurring issue is with describing relationships between variables that are captured on a graph.
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